American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 348-353

Admissibility Estimation of Burr Type XI Distribution Under Entropy Loss Function Based on Record Values

Lanping Li

Department of Basic Subjects, Hunan University of Finance and Economics, Changsha, China

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To cite this article:

Lanping Li. Admissibility Estimation of Burr Type XI Distribution Under Entropy Loss Function Based on Record Values. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 348-353. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20160506.13

Received: September 21, 2016; Accepted: October 1, 2016; Published: October 25, 2016


Abstract:The aim of this paper is to study the estimation of parameter of Burr Type XI distribution on the basis of lower record values. First, the minimum variance unbiased estimator and maximum likelihood estimator are obtained. Then the Bayes and empirical Bayes estimators of the unknown parameter are derived under entropy loss function. Finally, the admissibility and inadmissibility of a class of inverse linear estimators are discussed.

Keywords: Admissibility, Bayes and Empirical Bayes Estimators, Record Values, Entropy Loss Function


1. Introduction

Burr distribution contains twelve forms, which first introduced by Burr in 1942 [1]. However, Burr type XII distribution is the most of the authors have considered [2-6], But other types of Burr distribution do not get much attention. Feroze and Aslam [7] studied the Bayes estimation of the parameter of Burr type XI distribution under the assumption of eight priors (informative, non-informative, single and mixture of priors). The entropy and precautionary loss functions were used in their Bayesian analysis. Feroze et al. [8] studied the Bayes estimation and prediction of the Burr type XI distribution based on censored samples on the basis of Five informative and non-informative priors under five different (symmetric and asymmetric) loss functions for posterior analysis.

This paper is devoted to study the Bayes estimation problem of the unknown parameter of the Burr type XI distribution with cumulative distribution function and probability density function given as follows, respectively (Feroze and Aslam [7]):

(1)

(2)

Here  is the unknown parameter,  denotes the probability density function omits the function of a proportionality constant with respect to the parameter .

Record values is an important order statistics, which was first studied by Chandler in 1952 [9]. It has many application in various fields, such as weather, sports, economics, life-tests, stock market and so on, and the statistical inference study of record values has received great attention [10-13]. For example, Wang et al. [14] investigated the point estimation and confidence intervals estimation for the parameter of Weibull distribution based on record values. Arabi Belaghi et al. [15] considered several different types confidence intervals for the scale parameter of Burr type XII distribution based on upper record values. They put forward improved confidence intervals estimation based on the preliminary test technique, Thompson shrinkage technique and Bayesian approach. Barranco-Chamorro et al. [16] proposed two new maximum likelihood methods for estimating the unknown sample size in a simple random sample from an absolutely continuous population one the basis of record values.

The admissibility of estimators is an important topic in statistical inference. Many authors studied the admissibility and inadmissibility of various estimators for different distributions. For example, Wen and Levy [17] considered properties of Bayes estimators in a normal mean problem derived under a bounded loss function called BLINEX Loss function. Zakerzadeh and Zahraie [18] considered the dmissibility of estyimators in non-regular family under squared-log error loss function. Cao and kong [19] studied the general admissibility for a class of linear estimators in a general multivariate linear model under balanced loss function. More relevant reference can be found in [20-22].

The purpose of this paper is to study the estimation and admissible characters of estimators of the parameter of Burr type XI distribution.

2. Preliminary Knowledge

This section will first recall some definitions of record values. Then derive the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) and minimum variance unbiased estimator of the parameter of Burr Type XI distribution.

Definition 1. Let  be a sequence of independent and identically distributed random variables. Suppose

We say , is a lower record value of this sequence.

Suppose we observe n lower record values  from Burr Type XI distribution (1). Let  is the observation of, is the observation of. Then the likelihood function of is given as follows (Arnold et al. [23])

(3)

Then  is a sufficient statistics for the first n lower record values. The MLE can be obtained by solving the following log-likelihood equation

(4)

Then the MLE can be obtained as

(5)

The marginal probability density function of  is given by

Here .

According to the above equation, the probability density function of is

(6)

Further more, we have

,

then

,

thus is an unbiased estimator of , and it is also a function the complete and sufficient statistics . Therefore, by using Lehmann and Scheffe’s theorem, the estimator is the minimum variance unbiased estimator of , note it by

(7)

3. Bayes Estimation

Loss function is an important aspect in Bayesian analysis. This section will derive the Bayes estimatior under a useful asymmetric loss function named entropy loss function (Dey et al. [24]):

(8)

The Bayes estimator under the entropy loss is denoted by , given by

(9)

Suppose the prior distribution of parameter  is Gamma distributions, , with the following probability density function

(10)

where  and  are the hyper parameters. Note that the limiting case  of the prior Gamma distribution equals to non-informative prior distribution .

According to equations (3) and (10), using Bayesian theorem, we can get the posterior probability density function as follows:

Then the posterior distribution of  is , and by equation (9), the Bayes estimator of  under entropy loss function is

(11)

Thus

(12)

which is of the form

Remark 1. For the non-informative prior , the posterior distribution of parameter  is  and we obtain the generalized Bayes estimator

(13)

Remark 2. Assume that the prior distributions  has the unknown prior parameter . Then we can use the empirical Bayes approach to estimate it. From equations (3) and (10), we calculate the marginal probability density function of  as

Based on , we can obtain an MLE estimator  of  as

Then we obtain the empirical Bayes estimator by substituting  for in the Bayes estimator, That is

(14)

Obviously, the empirical Bayes estimator  also have the inverse linear form .

4. Admissibility of (cT+d)-1

Note that the estimators obtained in Section 2 and Section 3 are all the special cases of the class of inverse linear estimators with the form . This section supposes that:

(i)      are n lower record values from Burr Type XI distribution with the distribution function (1).

(ii)    Let  is the observation of, is the observation of.

(iii)   We always let .

In the rest of this section, all obtained estimators will be compared on the basis of their risks under the entropy loss function. We will also study the conditions under which general inverse linear estimators are admissible in terms of risk function.

Theorem 1. The estimator  is admissible, provided  and .

Proof. From equation (12), we know that the coefficient of  is strictly between 0 and  for every  and , and the constant  is strictly larger than 0. Then the inverse linear form  is admissible for  and .

For the case , the estimator  is admissible since it is the unique Bayes estimator for which  when .

Theorem 2. The inverse linear estimator  is admissible, provided and .

Proof. We first consider the case  and . Let the parameter has the prior distribution  with the following density function

Suppose that  is a non-degenerate convex subset of , then it can be shown that there exists a constant  satisfying  for some  and all .

In fact,

Because

So for , the former equation satisfies the following inequality

Let

,

then the conclusion is proved.

The Bayes estimator with respect to  under the entropy loss function can be derived as in (11) which is given as

Let is the joint probability density function of random vector . Then we have

The difference of the Bayes risks with respect to  and  can be derived as follows:

Where ,  and ,

For any prior distribution  of , the following conclusion is always tenable

Thus

,

Therefore,  is admissible for any  by Blyth's lemma. This proves that  is also admissible for the case  and .

Now we prove the case  and . Obviously that the estimator is the limit of the Bayes estimator  relative to the gamma prior , as . To prove the admissibility of the estimator , it is easy to verify that the difference of Bayesian risk  converges to zero as , which guarantees the admissibility of .

Theorem 3 Let  be the parameter space and  be the action space. The inverse linear estimator  is inadmissible under the entropy loss function (8) whenever one of the following conditions holds:

(i)       or ;

(ii)     

(iii)   and

Proof. For the case (i), we know that  takes on negative values with positive probability. Therefore the inverse linear estimator  is dominated by the estimator  in this case. Then  is inadmissible under case (i).

For the case (ii), the risk function of the estimator  is

According to equation (6), we can easily get the conclusions:

,

Then derivative of the risk with respect to  is

Then

 where ,

and

, where ,

Thus the risk of the estimator  is minimized at . Then the estimator  is dominated by the estimator , and thus  is inadmissible under case (ii).

For the case (iii). The difference of risk functions between the inverse linear estimator  and  are as follows:

In the condition (iii),, then

 ,

Therefore,  is minimized at . Then  is dominated by  in this case. Thus  is inadmissible under case (iii).

Remark 3. By Theorem 3, the MLE estimators  and the empirical Bayes estimator  are both inadmissible. They are dominated by the generalized Bayes estimator .

5. Conclusion

Admissibility of estimators is an important topic in statistical inference field. This paper considers the estimation of the unknown parameter from the Burr Type XI distribution on the basis of record values. The maximum likelihood estimator (MLE), minimum variance unbiased estimator, Bayes and empirical Bayes estimators are obtained. These estimators all belong to a general class of inverse linear estimators with the form . The admissibility and inadmissibility of  are studied under different conditions. As a result, the minimum variance unbiased estimator is admissible, but the empirical Bayes estimator and the maximum likelihood estimator are inadmissible

Acknowledgement

This study is partially supported by Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (No. 2015JJ3030) and Foundation of Hunan Educational Committee (No.15C0228).


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